HOW TEACHERS WORK IN GERMANY


Как работают учителя в Германии

You will be surprised, but in the world there are countries where teachers instead of appeals “not to groan” pay a decent salary. In Germany, it has long been decided that talk about the high mission of the teacher – talk, and the Nightingale fables are not fed. Therefore, in schools and universities, mentors are lured not only in the calculation of noble impulses, but also a good salary.

Even a novice teacher earns in Germany from 3 thousand euros per month. Over time, the financial bar is growing: experienced teachers can count on 5 thousand euros and even more.

And for this it is enough to work a standard 40-hour working week, and not to plow for one and a half or two rates. Marianna Novoselova teaches linguistics at a German University. She said that the workload of teachers is not too great: “Usually the teacher 4-5 pairs a week. The rest of the time is spent on scientific work.”



Equally important, mentors ‘ incomes are above the national average

So, they not only in words, but also through a Bank account understand how highly the state and society appreciate this profession. The teacher in the German school is, as a rule, two subjects. Among other things, this rule leaves the administration room for maneuver in case one of the teachers gets sick.

German teachers can be divided into three groups.

The first group is those who have the status of civil servant. Such teachers-the vast majority.

The second group is employees. These experts enter into contracts. The size of their salary is determined by the tariff agreement, deduct from it, in addition to taxes, contributions to the pension Fund, as well as social and health insurance funds. After all the deductions, contract teachers have about 20 percent less on hand than their fellow officials.

The third group includes specialists who came to teaching, so to speak, from other professions. For example, in parallel with their specialty they studied several semesters of pedagogy at the University or were somehow connected with the field of education.

Such teachers are now actively attracted from the field of MINT (technical and natural Sciences, IT, mathematics). Their salaries are lower than teachers from the first two groups.

And in German schools there is a completely different order

Yulia Plotnikova, who moved to Germany from Russia, said – – I envy the children here: the lessons are fun, everyone wants to answer, pulling hands. Quite a different atmosphere-the teacher is not an authoritarian person. The children can come and hug you. Of course, there are different teachers. But those who with pursed lips the entire lesson broadcast at the blackboard, very few.

German schools have gone years 50-70 forward on the level of teaching.

What I studied at the Russian University as modern pedagogy in Germany was called the history of pedagogy. Alas, it seems we Germans are the profession has very little to do…

The German government has abolished tuition fees in Universities

In Germany, abolished tuition fees at universities. Starting from the second semester of 2019, higher education in all universities in Germany will be absolutely free for both citizens and foreigners. The final stage of the reform was the abolition of tuition fees in the land of lower Saxony.

To understand who finances higher education in Germany, and how it was possible to make it free, you need to know two things.

First, Germany is a Federal state, consisting of 16 Autonomous States, which independently determine the policy of education and culture.

Second, the German higher education system, which consists of 379 higher education institutions with 2.4 million students, is a state-funded system. At the same time, there are a small number of private educational institutions, however, their share is small and less than 5% of the total number of students study there.

By the way, education in Germany is considered one of the best in Europe. According to the Times Higher Education (THE) magazine’s international ranking, there are 4 universities from Germany among the top 20 European universities.



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